Virtual tour – text transcript of landmarks

Text description of landmarks in the virtual tour.

Main Court Room

Coat of Arms

The Coat of Arms, or Victorian Crest, dates from June 1910. The State's motto is 'Peace and Prosperity'.


The judge sits on the bench; positioned higher than all the other seats reflecting judicial Authority.

Witness box

People who come to court as witnesses give their evidence from the witness box.

The bar table

Lawyers (barristers and solicitors) representing the parties sit or stand at the bar table.

Standing and bowing

Standing and bowing to the judicial officer symbolises respect to the law.


The jury is a group of ordinary citizens (jurors) randomly selected from the community.

Jury room

The jury go to the jury room to decide on its findings in a trial and during breaks in the evidence.

Oath or affirmation

Witness must make an oath or affirmation that they will tell the truth in their evidence.

The dock

In a criminal case, an accused person sits in the dock, usually accompanied by court security.


This technology allows witnesses to give evidence in a different room, e.g., child witnesses.

The tipstaff’s desk

The tipstaff is a part of the team that support the judge in court and looks after the jury.

The associate’s desk

A judge’s associate is part of the team that supports the judge, in court and in his or her office.


When any person enters or leaves the courtroom, it is customary to bow towards of the Coat of Arms.

Courtrooms are generally open to the public, meaning anyone can come in and listen.



People and their property coming into the Court have to pass through the weapons detection system to ensure safety and security.

Juries Office

Jury service is a crucial part of Victoria's justice system. Juries are made up of citizens randomly selected from the Victorian Electoral Roll. Every year, thousands of Victorians give their time to attend jury service.

Ngarrn-Gi: Land/Law – Judy Watson

Wurundjeri Elder Joy Murphy Wandin named this artwork 'Ngarrn-Gi', which means 'to know' in Woiwurrung.


These screens give details of where and when cases will be heard, for example the courtroom number.


The Registry Office manages Court files, collect fees, and provides advice on rules and processes.

Waldron Hall

Waldron Hall is the heart of the court building, named in honour of former Chief Judge Glenn Waldron.

Waldron Hall

You can access many of the courtrooms from here and it is also used for public events.

Information displays

Information displays give details of where and when cases will be heard, for example the courtroom number

Interview rooms

Where parties and their legal representatives can discuss and negotiate their cases in private

‘Michelle’ by Chris Mason

A 7-metre Southeast Asian Reticulated Python. It took years to build and the scales are individually cut.

‘Quality of Mercy’ by Colin Lanceley

Suspended and painted glass panels; named from a line in Shakespeare’s ‘The Merchant of Venice’.

Presence of justice in the public hall

The glass maximises the hall’s natural light, representing justice as a radiant and triumphal presence.

Justice is free and all encompassing

The bird and broken chains represent freedom.

Justice is all encompassing

The justice figure is depicted with land and sea, signifying justice over all.

Former Chief Judge Michael Rozenes

His Honour Chief Judge Michael Rozenes was the third Chief Judge of the County Court (2002 to 2015).

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Page last updated: 30 November 2020